Recollections of Pioneer Life

RECOLLECTIONS OF PIONEER LIFE, Shared with us by Kingsley Ireland decendant

of Jane Dobney, named as Jane Gregory, who sailed on the South Australian as

a 10 year old child.

Original written by Mrs Jane Dobney, January 10, 1902. Published in the Geo

News, bi-monthly Newsletter of The Royal Geographical Society of

Australasia, (South Australian Branch) Inc. Volume 2, No 5, Nov/Dec 1995.

"I was born in North Devonshire on the 16th May, 1827, and should I live

till May of next year will be seventy-seven years of age, and, with the

exception of failing sight, am in possession of all my faculties. I well

remember the stir in my native country when the S..A. Company were seeking

emigrants for the new land, and of the active part taken by "Squire" Angas

and his agent, Mrs. Lillecrapp, through whose influence largely my

stepfather was induced to emigrate. We came out in the The South

Australian, formerly called The Swallow which was chartered by the S.A.

Company.

We sailed from Plymouth on December 24th, 1836. The ship's longboat was

divided into three compartments; a Durham bull was carried in one end and a

sick woman in the other; while at one stage of the voyage little Jane

Gregory had a baby brother born in the same longboat. We called at the Cape

of Good Hope, where we could plainly see fires on land that were lit to keep

wild beasts away from Cape Town, in fact, only a week before we called a

lion came right into the town. A fellow-passenger with us was John Germein,

who subsequently became head pilot, and after whom Port Germein was named.

We landed at Kangaroo Island. Our stay extended to eighteen months, during

which time the emigrants lived for the most part in tents, and suffered

considerable privations. Meat, of course, was a very scarce article of

diet, and consisted of beef and pork, so salty that it had to be soaked in

water and then parboiled in more water to take some of the salt out, and the

water was also very scarce, for we often had to soak and parboil this salt

junk in sea water.

Our bill of fare was made up of bandicoot, dried mutton bird, and mutton

bird's eggs, with an occasional iguana [goanna]. Added to this, the flour which was

American, and in cakes, was so hard as to require cutting with a tomahawk,

and afterwards rolled and sifted before it could be cooked.

There was only one store on the island, close to the wharf, the property of

the S.A. Company, and at times various articles of household use went up to

famine prices. The first cask of salt butter that came to the island was

sold at 4/per lb., eggs were 6d. each, soap 2/., and potatoes 6d and 7d per

lb. At one time flour was short, and a ration of very hard and dry ship

biscuits, that had to be soaked for hours before they were ready for

consumption, was served out.

Although only a child, I well remember many ships calling at the island

during my stay there. On leaving the island, and after landing at the "Old

Port", the journey up to North Adelaide, where I stayed with my mother, had

to be made on foot. There was then only one building on the north side of

Hindley Street. Bowden was a series of ponds or swamps, where those who

were included for sport could get as much duck-shooting as they desired.

Blacks were very numerous and troublesome. Two were hanged near the old

iron stores on the north side of the Torrens for the murder of white men.

They were also great thieves, and would take clothes off the line even in

the daytime.

I have clear recollections of Governor Hindmarsh and Colonel Light, and also

of the first Judge who was always called "Mr. Jeff", and was very eccentric,

wearing his trousers so short as to display several inches of sock above his

boots.

During our stay at North Adelaide the first Government House, a weatherboard

affair, was burnt down, and the first exploring party under Sturt was

organized and started during the same period. I remember very vividly the

procession down King William St. In 1845 I was married to Mr Dobney, a

builder by trade, who built the first chapel at Kapunda. I have lived to

see many changes, and perhaps may see many more."