Other Smaller Schools

[1895 Salt Lagoon] Messrs. H. E. Downer and J. R. Kelly, members for Encounter Bay, on Tuesday presented a petition to the Minister of Education from six families at Salt Lagoon, American River, Kangaroo Island, asking that teaching facilities might be afforded their 19 children. The Minister promised to obtain a report on the matter.

South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895), Saturday 18 May 1895, page 22

Miss Guidera, who was formerly in charge of the Shoal Bay School, has has been transferred to Pine Forest, her successor being Miss Walters. The American River School is in charge of Miss Rowe, and the Salt Lagoon and American Beach Schools are being conducted by Miss Roebuck.

SCHOOL APPOINTMENTS. (1919, February 15). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191548842

1913 - 1915 Miss Meyer, Salt Lagoon School 

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189504283 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189503470

NEW SCHOOLS. Changes have been made in the schools at this end of the Island. Miss Alice Mann, who previously had charge of the Cuttlefish and Antechamber Bay Schools, has been instructed to reopen the Hog Bay River school, which she did yesterday. Miss Mabel Howard, daughter of Mr Wm. Howard, of Cuttlefish Bay, has also been appointed to the schools at American Beach and Salt Lagoon. 

District of Dudley. (1910, April 16). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 6. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191638341

1931 The American Beach and Hog  Bay River Schools  Miss N. Bateman, teacher.

PENNESHAW. (1931, August 1). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 3.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191252403 

1935  The friends of Miss Blanche Graham were sorry to hear that she had been appointed to another school after two years at American Beach and Hog Bay River. They took the opportunity of tendering her a farewell evening before her departure when Mr Danford Willson as Chairman of the School Committee presented her on behalf of the friends she had made, with a crystal dressing table set. Miss Graham had endeared herself to many, during her stay on the Island and we wish her every success in her new appointment.

PENNESHAW. (1935, January 5). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 3.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191251667 

"Willson's River" school, formerly "Hog Bay River" school opened in 1900 and closed in 1941. Teacher Mr. McCracken until 1940.


1907 Owing to the transfer of Miss E. O. Taylor to a school in the northern district, the Willson's River school is at present without a teacher.

Observer (Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931), Saturday 20 July 1907, page 15

My understanding was that American Beach was the name given to a sub-division in the 1960s. The hamlet’s name was changed to Baudin Beach in 2002. It is only 6 or 7 miles from Penneshaw. . It would be close to 20 miles from Salt Lake or Salt Lagoon. I’m wondering if there may have been another American Beach between Penneshaw and American River as your notes clearly indicate there was a school at a place named American Beach well before 1960.

- Chris Ward 28 Feb 2016

In 1966, a subdivision of part section 50, Hundred of Dudley, by Clement J. Bessell was named American Beach; a school of this name opened in 1895 and closed in 1937.



Miss F. Clarke arrived by the Karatta on Wednesday afternoon to take charge of the Willson's River school. She was taken in charge by Mr S. Neave (Member of the Board of Advice) and driven out to her new sphere of labour.

Hog Bay Notes. (1908, February 15). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 6. Retrieved February 20, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191636104
WILLSONS RIVER. (1940, April 5). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 1. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191425255

Cape Cassini school

On Friday afternoon, December 13, the parents and friends of the scholars attending the Wisanger and Cape Cassini Schools, at the invitation of the teacher, Miss Bignell, met in Messrs Warnes and DeRose's paddock at Wisanger ...

The Cape Cassini School is to be closed at Christmas, and Wisanger, which was half-time in conjunction with it, is to become full-time, much to the satisfaction of teacher and parents at Wisanger.

Notes from Emu Bay. (1907, December 21). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 6. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191635691

Cuttlefish Bay school

1907 Cuttlefish Bay School has been opened, after having been closed for several weeks on account of Miss Hansen's illness, Miss Hutchinson is acting in her stead.

(1907, June 1). Observer(Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931), p. 44.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163162366

1928 Mr H. Miller teacher.
Also Salt Lake School Miss B Hudson

PENNESHAW. (1928, October 6). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 4. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191551621

1931 Penneshaw had quite a gay week end, commencing on Friday August 21st with a dinner at the Penneshaw Coffee Palace in honor of Messrs T. Corby and J. Maloney are leaving the Island, Mr Corby to take up farming on the mainland while Mr Maloney has received notice of his transfer from the Cultlefish Bay School, where he has been in charge for the last two years, to the Hd. of Moseley on the West Coast. Both the young men have been exceedingly popular during their time on the Island, Mr Corby having resided at Antechamber Bay since his arrival from England nine years ago, and the young men of the district felt they could not let them go without some little gathering of their own...

Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), Saturday 29 August 1931, page 3

1934 Mr. N. V. Weber, of the Pichii Richi School staff, has been transferred to Cuttlefish Bay School, Kangaroo Island. Norm is an Angaston boy.

PERSONAL. (1934, May 17). Leader (Angaston, SA : 1918 - 1954), p. 3. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165694011

1939 Farewell Social. On January 21st. residents gathered in the Institute to bid au revoir to Mr Fred Murcom, who has been teaching for several years at Willson River and Cuttlefish Bay schools and who has now been transferred to Seaview School. ...

PENNESHAW. (1939, February 17). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191418708

The Cuttlefish Bay school is closed because of the scarcity of pupils.

(1939, June 23). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 31.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74417534

1908 HOG BAY (K.I.), September 3.— The first combined picnic of scholars attending the Hog Bay, Cuttlefish Bay, Antechamber Bay, and Wilson's River schools was held on Monday. About 250 people were present. A football match between Hog Bay schools and outside schools was played. Mr. F. Miller umpiring. Hog Bay won by 6 goals 3 behinds (39 points) to 2 points. .... A tennis match, Hog Bay versus Cuttlefish Bay, resulted in a win for Hog Bay by 36 games to 13. Results:.... In the evening a dance was held in the council chamber under the direction of Mr. E. L. Bates. The picnic committee consisted of the members of the board of advice Messrs. G. P. Neave (chairman), W. Howard, A. W. Miller. C. D. Wilson, A. (Hirst, and F. Buick— Miss Mann (Cuttlefish school), Miss Clark (Wilson's River school), and Mr. T. F. Rice (Hog Bay School) ..secretary, and treasurer. ...

(1908, September 12).Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved February 21, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88309467

Brownlow school

Geoffrey Manning states that the school at Brownlow on KI opened in 1910 and closed in 1946.  The listing is a little vague but the Brownlow Centre School appears to have been commenced by the Lutheran Church near Eudunda in in 1894 initially in the church vestry.  see SLSA photo https://collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/resource/B+24322 which originally credits "Brownlow School - Kangaroo Island". [since notated that it is probably the Browlow Centre School near Edunda].

The UniSA school teachers site lists teachers from 1910 to 1921 but gives no indication if it is at KI or Eudunda.  My guess is that it could be a combination of both.  Most of the people listed were never posted anywhere on KI although a couple spent time at Hog Bay or Salt Lagoon.

- Chris Ward 30 Jan 2018

Geoffrey Manning states that the school at Brownlow on KI opened in 1910 and closed in 1946. In those days there were only about 3 or 4 families living at Brownlow, Tiggemann’s, Snellings, Florance’s etc. There was definitely no school at Brownlow in 1946- all the Snelling family trees make reference to walking or riding to school in Kingscote. The old Kingscote school was less than 3 km from Brownlow The listing is a vague, but the “Brownlow Centre School” appears to have been commenced by the Lutheran Church near Eudunda in in 1894 initially in the church vestry.  

Refence: Doris Snelling’s memoirs riding from Alfred Snelling’s farm at Brownlow to the school in Kingscote [ 1915 to 1920]. The photo used as “Brownlow school” looks more like the St Albans church school in Kingscote. In 1945, the Chapman sisters were going to school at Kingscote. Checking records, there are no evidence of a school building

- Geoffrey Chapman 23 Feb 2018

Copies of the photo are in 2 local history books (one on Brownlow and the other on Eudunda, 'Hills, valley & plains: history of the Eudunda district' by Betty Drecklow). They date it at 1913 and name everyone in it.  The school opened in 1895 in St Paul Lutheran Church vestry and a schoolroom was built in 1899. In 1910 became a Government school as the parents and the congregation couldn't meet the salary of a teacher. It closed in 1946. The admission register from 1910 is available at Genealogy SA.  

Another school, Eudunda Central, was opened further east in a private building rented to the Government. This operated from 1923 to 1935. 

In my volunteer work at Genealogy SA I have located (GPS and photographed) over 1000 schools across the state - and I haven't made Eyre Peninsula, the far north or KI yet. A have found a number of mistakes on the Government mapping website, SAPPA, and some in Manning's Compendium. He placed the Dudley school on KI, whereas it was east of Clare.

 - Alison Hicks (S.A.G.H.S. Volunteers Co-ordinator) 28 Jan 2020.

Emu Bay School

Visiting day was held at the Emu Bay School on Friday, Nov. 30, when parents and friends were present to inspect the work done by the chil dren during the year. Several items were rendered by the scholars, and ' spelling bee ' was won by Coralie Bates, with Lindsay Bates as runner up. Afternoon tea was dispensed, and the children treated to lollies and nuts, kindly provided by the teacher and Mrs Crimp. Great credit is due to the teacher, (Miss Norton), for the excellent results obtained by the children at the recent show, there being eleven first prizes and fourteen seconds gained, the entries totalling sixty-two, which shows a lot of interest and hard work on the part of the teacher and scholars alike.

Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), Saturday 8 December 1923, page 2 

MacGillivray School

[1915] Miss Madigan, teacher.

PERSONAL. (1915, April 17). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 4. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189503375 

[1925]  OBITUARY
Deep gloom was cast over the Island on Monday when it became known that Doris Effie, the eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs H. J. Wiadrowski of 'Karoona' MacGillivray. had passed away after a short illness. The deceased, who was in charge of the MacGillivray School, was one of the most popular young ladies in the district and the deepest regret is expressed on all sides at her demise at the early age of 19 years, The funeral took place at the Kingscote Cemetery on Tuesday and was largely attended by relatives and friends. The Rev. H. N. Crosland officiated at the graveside.

OBITUARY (1925, October 31). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191547973

1928  Miss E. Bell teacher 


Wattle Grange School

Wattle Grange School on Kangaroo Island was known previously as ‘Wattle Grove’


MacGillivray News  

[1917] A very interesting time was spent at the Wattle Grange School on Thursday, Nov. 29th, when visiting day was held, A large number of parents and friends were present and inspected the scholars at their various lessons and the work done by them during the year, after which Mr H. J. Wiadrowski (Chairman of the School Committee) addressed the children and read the very favorable report on the school given by Inspector Ham during his recent visit. He also commented on the fact that none of the work sent in by the scholars of the Wattle Grange school for the K.I. show was exhibited ; not enough space (?) being the reason given. Messrs Nicholls, Petras and Wheaton also addressed the children, congratulating them and their teacher on the work done and the progress made Miss Dunstone, in a short speech, thanked the visitors for their interest and attendance. A supply of refreshments and sweets were provided by the parents. Mr and Mrs Wheaton judged the school garden plots and awarded Doris Wiadrowski first prize. Hearty cheers were given by the scholars for Mr Wheaton for his kindness in allowing the use of the building for school purposes.

MacGillivray News. (1917, December 15). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 5.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189514661 

[1918] At the request of the teacher, Miss Dunston, the School Committee met at the Wattle Grange School-room on Thursday afternoon, August 15th, to discuss additional accommodation. The MacGillivray School has been closed, and the attendance at the Wattle Grange School has increased, so the teacher asked for more accomodation. Miss Dunston ably demonstrated the inconvenience both she and the children are labouring under, but as very probably one family will shortly be leaving the district, the committee decided to refrain from making any alteration for the present.

MACGILLIVRAY NEWS (1918, August 24). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189509996

[1918] The recent glorious but unfortunately premature war news was received here with great rejoicing and jubilation. The Chairman of the local School Committee visited the Wattle Grange School and addressed the children on she success of the Allies and granted them a half holiday.

MACGILLIVRAY NEWS. (1918, October 26). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 4.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189503100 

[1919] Miss Lee, formerly in charge of Wattle Grange School, visited the district during the holidays and renewed her acquaintance of her old pupils and friends. Miss Dunstone has returned from her holidays and resumed duty at the Wattle Grange School.

MAcGILLIVRAY. (1919, February 1). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191547194 

Wednesday April 30, [1919]  Miss Dunston has again resumed duties at the Wattle Grange School, after Easter holidays spent on the mainland, Before the holidays, at the invitation of the teacher, parents and friends of the children attended the school to witness a presentation of mementos to four of Mrs Petra's children, who are leaving the district. The Chairman of the School Committee (Mr H. J. Wiadrowski) in his remarks, referred to the fine record of these children, both as regards their school work and attendance, and expressed his regret at the family leaving the district. A short programme of songs and recitations was veil rendered by the scholars, after which the usual good things, in the way of refreshments, were partaken of, and games were indulged in.

MAcGILLIVRAY NEWS. (1919, May 3). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191545612 

[1919] On Friday afternoon, July 25th, the School Committee and parents visited the Wattle Grange School, when the Chairman (Mr H. J. Wiadrowski), presented the Peace Medals to the children. Before doing so, after all stood a moment in silence in memory of those who fell in fighting for the Peace won, the Chairman and Messrs Wheaton and Williams, addressed the children, who were then each given a medal and a bag of sweets. The ladies kindly provided afternoon tea. Pte. A. Stanley, who was present, was congratulated on his safe return to the district by the Chairman.

MACGILLIVRAY NEWS. (1919, August 2). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191549905 

[1927] Farewell at Salisbury Miss Marjorie Schutze, of Salisbury, was tendered a farewell party prior to leaving for Wattle Grange, ]Kangaroo Island, where she has been appointed school teacher. 

News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), Monday 22 August 1927, page 2

[1933] Grade VII. Frederick Elsegood, Grade VI. Barbara Wheaton. Grade V. Grace Elsegood, Erica Koch. Grade II. Olive Elsegood.

WATTLE GRANGE. (1933, August 5). The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951), p. 3.  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191247386 
1917 to 1918 Teacher Dorothy Dunstone1922 Teacher: Mora Cole1923 Teacher: Doris Wiadrowski1926 Teacher: Bessie Haskard1927 Teacher: Miss Doris Noske1928 Teacher: Miss Zoe Hudson1928 Teacher: Miss Edna Bell1929 Teacher: Mr W L Moore1930 Teacher: Miss Bridget Dolan1934 Teacher: Mr Walter Bowkey- Geoff Chapman https://sites.google.com/site/kipacontributions/home/schools-on-ki 

Western River School

Western River School on Kangaroo Island opened in 1901 and closed in 1903. 


Middle River School

The Middle River School opened in 1943 and closed in 1953.


Middle River School. Photo: Natalie Hausler

[1949]. .  Mr N. Thompson, of the Middle River School, Kangaroo Island . . 

Leader (Angaston, SA : 1918 - 1954), Thursday 2 June 1949, page 1